Complete, people said finding the same level of day and currency excuses (Meters

Complete, people said finding the same level of day and currency excuses (Meters

Participants expressed this new the amount to which the reason looked outside the fresh new excuse-giver’s personal handle with the good 7-part measure (anywhere between 1, not to 7, a lot).

Frequency out of reasons

Our design allowed participants to reflect on both a money and time excuse (N = 64, % of the sample), only a money excuse (N = 15, % of the sample), or only a time excuse (N = 30, % of the sample. money = 2.87, SD = 2.16; Mtime = 3.14, SD = 2.22, t(131) = 1.20, p = .23, d = .10); attesting to the fact that these excuses may be similarly common.

Observed closeness

To increase our statistical power, we focused our analysis on participants who reflected on both a money and a time excuse. We conducted a repeated-measures ANOVA using perceived closeness (before vs. after) as a within-subjects factor for both money and time excuses. There was a significant main effect for perceived closeness, F(1, 63) = , p < .001, ? 2 = .23; which was qualified by a significant interaction, F(1, 63) = , p < .001, ? 2 = .30 (see Figure 3). Planned contrasts indicated that prior to receiving an excuse, participants felt equally close to their guests (Mmoney = 4.56, SD = 1.61; Mtime = 4.88, SD = 1.54, F(1, 63) = 2.08, p = .16, ? 2 = .03), but after the excuse was provided, participants felt significantly closer to guests who cited financial versus time scarcity (Mmoney = 4.41, SD = 1.76; Mtime = 3.62, SD = 1.69, F(1, 63) = , p = .001, ? 2 = .17).

Observed controllability

Participants perceived a money excuse to be significantly more outside of the excuse-giver’s personal control than a time excuse (Mmoney = 4.98, SD = 1.75; Mtime = 4.31, SD = 2.01, t(63) = 2.30, p = .02, d = .58).

Identified sincerity

Participants perceived greater trustworthiness from a money excuse than a time excuse (Mmoney = 5.08, SD = 1.76; Mtime = 4.50, SD = 1.84, t(63) = 2.49, p = .01, d = .62).


We looked at whether highest relative quantities of closeness regarding a finance justification (compared to. a period justification) was serially mediated by understood controllability, causing improved thinking from honesty. To check on getting serial mediation, i made use of MEMORE (Montoya & Hayes, 2017 ), after the design dos. The results demonstrate that perceptions out of controllability and trustworthiness perform serially mediate the partnership anywhere between connecting an economic justification and better cousin quantities of closeness (95% CI, .00 so you’re able to .18; Find Appendix S1, Desk S2).


People exactly who obtained one another an occasion and you will a funds reason considered just as next to their visitors just before receiving the brand new reason. Yet not, compared to those whom acquired an occasion reason responding to help you its matrimony invite, participants sensed rather nearer to their relationship people after receiving an effective currency reason. The real difference in perceived intimacy took place while the money excuses was basically understood as the reduced manageable, and in turn, a whole lot more trustworthy.

One to difference between the results associated with research hence out of Study 1A is that we don’t observe a critical fall off for the understood intimacy shortly after receiving a loans reason. It could be that a loans excuse is especially effective in response to a wedding invitation. If you are Degree 1A and you will 1B bring initially assistance for our theoretic design, this new bear in mind characteristics ones studies possess biased the performance, in a fashion that players may have appreciated excuses that were particularly discouraging. Subsequent, the latest pre/article dimensions of our intimacy level may have written a demand perception. Therefore, about degree that follow, we introduce greater fresh manage of the asking players to evaluate vignettes where i controlled precisely the funding referenced about reason and mentioned perceptions out of controllability, faith, and you can closeness responding to this interaction.

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